This course seeks to introduce students to a more critical thinking of the theoretical and salient forces that shaped Southern Africa up to the Minerals revolution. It attempts to historically contextualise a plethora of themes and internal dynamics of the region prior to this period and to assist students in developing a wild and wide comprehension and appreciation of the fundamental developments that occurred in region. It is not by coincidence that the end of this course is marked by a major development in South Africa. This foreshadows the dominance of South African history in the unfolding historical processes. Thus though the region is made up of countries such as Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, South Africa tends to dominate in the discussions.


At the end of the course, the students must be able to:


(a)    Explain the socio-political and economic dynamics of the pre-20th century societies of southern Africa.

(b)   Analyse the nature and impact of trade, movements and politics in the region before the 20th century

(c)    Examine European encroachment and the response of Africans