This course is designed to introduce students to some of the major themes in the History of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) from the beginning of the 20th century. The region is quite known for its instability but it too has its limelight. The course identifies some of the main specificities of the region’s distant history whilst at the same time establishing certain common historical themesThe course begins by a focus on the impact of European colonialism, among other things, identifying how the societies were affected by and how they reacted to European control. The course then takes us to the road to independence and then the successful emergence of independent Middle East and North Africa states. The political, economic and social developments in the post-colonial period will be explored through the dominant themes of Liberalisation, socialism, conflicts, regional integration, development of oil and gas, among others.